How to Determine Your Quarterly Taxes


Tax day is approaching quickly. How should expected quarterly taxes be calculated? Tax day has returned. I feel. Although you may be able to accomplish it, estimating quarterly taxes is incredibly challenging. Whether you work in the gig economy as a Doordash 1099 delivery driver or own your own freelance marketing business, you’re required to make estimated payments to avoid tax penalties

The formula for estimating quarterly taxes and that for actual quarterly taxes are very different. You could be familiar with the annual tax computation but need help figuring out the expected quarterly taxes on your taxable income. Even though you can quickly compute them, there are still some errors. As a result, you may reconsider your previous quarterly tax estimate.

Estimated Tax Payments: What Are They?

Annual estimated tax payments are determined based on your taxable income and deductions, like itemized deductions, for the year and are due on April 15.

Let’s say, for example, that your annualized gross income is $50,000. Your taxable income, therefore, amounts to $48,500. The government has nevertheless given you a $10,000 tax cut. So, if you’re single, your tax bill will be $3,865.

You will be required to pay the IRS $4,700 to cover the difference between the $3,865 you have already paid and the $10,000 tax credit you still owe if you fail to make your projected tax payments.

The IRS will use your data to determine your estimated tax payments. The portion of your adjusted gross income that exceeds the standard deduction determines how much tax you will owe. Therefore, if you’re married, you’re eligible for two exemptions. Each exemption of $2,200 reduces your taxable income.

Thus, the sum will determine your tax rate after deducting your standard deduction from your taxable income. Therefore, your tax rate is 50% if you’re married.

Your tax rate is 28.5% of your income if you are single.

If you do not have any dependents, you will receive a refund for the tax you paid. However, your children will be regarded as dependents if you have any. If this applies to you, you will receive an additional refund for the amount you paid in estimated tax payments.

How to Determine Your Predicted Quarterly Taxes

Planning your taxes involves two steps that you must take:

Prepare and submit your quarterly taxes, sometimes referred to as estimated quarterly taxes.

Estimated quarterly taxes are used to calculate your year’s tax obligation and complete your final tax return. If you work for yourself, this is your expected tax payment.

It’s the same if you work as a contractor. This sum can be used to calculate how much money you will owe in taxes at the end of the year.

The number of months in a year is multiplied by your monthly sales to get this.

For instance, if you make $3,000 per month and work for a living, your projected tax payment for the entire year will be $54,000.

However, if you work for yourself, you will have to pay an estimated $78,000 in taxes for the entire year.

Your annual projected tax payment and any deductions you’ve claimed are added together to determine your quarterly tax.

For instance, if your company has been deducting 30% of your income for rent, then 30% of your total tax obligation will also be deducted.

Add your annual projected tax payment, any deductions you have made, and your total income to determine how much you will owe in quarterly taxes.

Let’s imagine your income is $50,000 and your company has deducted $12,000 from it. You will then owe a total of $1,200 in quarterly taxes.

Add your total expected quarterly tax payment to your overall income to determine your estimated quarterly taxes.

How to Determine Your Taxes

It’s fairly simple to comprehend. However, you must pay close attention to every detail since taxes are frequently not included in the cost of goods and services.

Every year, on April 15—the deadline for filing your income tax return—the following computation is made.

Calculate Your Earnings in Step 1

Apply the formula to determine your net monthly income:

Net income is calculated as follows: (Total deductions)

Monthly gross income = Total monthly gross income

Monthly payment plus interest income plus other income equals total gross monthly income.

Set the value to zero if the total monthly income is negative.

Interest plus other revenue equals the monthly payment.

Interest income is calculated as ((interest payments)/x) (Interest rate)

Other income is equal to (Other income) x (Proportion of total income)

Step 2: Determine How Many Interest Payments There Will Be

Use the following formulas to determine how many interest payments you made during the current period:

N = (12 * M) / 12


N is the quantity of interest payments.

from January 1 through April 15, M = months

Calculate the interest rate in Step 3.

The monthly interest rate can be calculated by dividing the number of interest payments by the average annual percentage rate of interest.

Step 4: Determine the annual interest rate.

By dividing the monthly interest rate by the total number of months or using the formula below, determine the total annual interest.

(12 * N) / 12 equals the total annual interest.

Where N is the number of interest payments.

Step 5: Determine How Much Interest Was Paid

To determine the entire amount of interest paid, multiply the total monthly payment by the total annual interest.

Income taxes should be computed separately for each individual income type, such as wage income, interest income, dividends, and capital gains.

The personal expenses that have already been removed from your monthly income should also be subtracted. For example, personal expenses might be the interest on a mortgage, rent, a car, phone bills, housing, educational, and medical costs.

Only personal expenses that have been claimed as a business expenses on your tax return are eligible for deduction.

To calculate your income taxes, multiply the total income by your tax rate.

Use the IRS Tax Tables or software like TurboTax, which comes with a pre-filled form, to figure out your federal income tax.

Use an online tax calculator, such as the free tax calculator, if you don’t have access to a tax expert to assist you.

Measure 6: Determine Your Income Tax

Subtract the income taxes you have already paid from your income to determine your tax obligation.

The Difference Between Withholding And The Estimated Quarterly Tax:

To prevent the chance of being assessed a penalty, the IRS requires taxpayers to submit anticipated quarterly tax payments (QTIP) at the start of each calendar quarter.

The QTIP amounts are modified based on actual withholdings, although most businesses offer an estimate of the amount they anticipate deducting from employees’ salaries.

Individuals who owe taxes must make estimated quarterly payments in addition to the quarterly QTIP payments throughout each calendar year.

How to Determine the Estimated Quarterly Taxes in More Complex Situations

To avoid penalties and fines, you must accurately calculate and make your quarterly estimated tax payments (EET).

You should be able to figure out your projected tax payments if you get any of the following types of income.

1. Payable Salary

Wages subject to taxation are those you received throughout the tax year. So, for instance, if you received $10,000 in one month, April, you could have a taxable pay off that amount.

2. Business Profits

Business income is the money you bring each year from your business operations. Your firm must have been open for the entire year to be eligible for this revenue.

3. Gains in Capital

Profits from selling a capital asset are referred to as capital gains. Real estate, stocks, bonds, and other financial assets are examples of capital assets.

4. Capital Gains over a Long Amount

Any capital gains you make from selling an asset you have owned for more than a year are considered long-term capital gains.

5. Passive Revenue

Any revenue that you receive without working is considered passive income. Investments like stocks, bonds, mutual funds, annuities, rental property, royalties, and partnership distributions are included.

6. Loans from SBA

If you are self-employed or the owner of a small firm, you are eligible to qualify for Small Business Administration loans.

7. Interest on Investment

Any income you receive from your investments, such as bonds, real estate, bank accounts, and certificates of deposit, is called investment interest.

8. Rental Income

Any revenue you receive from renting out your personal property, such as a car, apartment, or vacation house, is called rental income.

9. Benefits from Social Security

Benefits from social security are payments you received in return for prior employment. You receive them when you reach 65 or older or become handicapped.

10. Joblessness

Income from a job you were no longer working at due to unemployment is referred to as unemployment.


Paying too much or too little is possible, but paying accurately every time is achievable. Planning and knowing that your projected quarterly taxes are not guaranteed to be accurate are your best options. A smart place to start is by figuring out your quarterly estimates, but it’s crucial to consider adjustments as you go, and you might need to apply for a tax filing extension