Symbolism and Superstitions of Wedding in Bulgaria


The union of two souls in Bulgarian marriage is celebrated with rituals and customs that reflect Bulgarian society’s deep-rooted beliefs and values. In this article, we will discover the world of Bulgarian weddings, exploring the symbolism behind the role of Bulgarian brides and uncovering the fascinating traditions and superstitions that surround this joyous selection of Bulgarian brides online and having a wedding.

The Significance of Bulgarian Brides

Bulgarian bride plays a central role in the festivities. She leads the wedding procession, walking ahead of the groom and the guests, symbolizing the path to a new beginning. As she walks, she scatters coins, candies, or flower petals to bring good luck and abundance. Additionally, the throwing of the bouquet is a popular tradition. Single women gather, hoping to catch the bouquet, as it is believed that the one who catches it will be the next Bulgarian wife, ensuring future happiness.

The symbolism of the wedding dress

Traditionally, the Bulgarian brides wear a white gown, symbolizing purity and innocence. The color white represents a fresh start and the beginning of a new chapter in her life. Additionally, Bulgarian wedding dresses often feature intricate embroidery and patterns, showcasing the country’s rich heritage and cultural traditions.

Traditional bridal accessories

The veil holds great importance in Bulgarian weddings. It is traditionally made of sheer white fabric and covers the bride’s face during the wedding ceremony. The act of the groom lifting the veil represents the unveiling of the bride and symbolizes his acceptance and love for her. The floral crown is a cherished accessory worn by Bulgarian brides, made of fresh flowers and herbs. The selection of flowers may vary based on regional traditions and personal preferences. The belt is an ornate accessory worn around the waist, made of decorative fabric, and adorned with embroidery, beading, or metallic details. The bridal belt signifies the bride’s transition into womanhood and emphasizes her femininity and grace. A small embroidered handkerchief, known as povezalka, holds sentimental value in Bulgarian weddings. It is carried by the bride and is often given to her by her mother or grandmother. It is also used during certain rituals, such as wiping away tears of joy. The last element is the coin purse, called zabrusnik, a traditional small bag or pouch, which symbolizes wealth, prosperity, and abundance in the couple’s future life together.

Superstitions and Rituals

Bulgarian weddings are preceded by various customs. The engagement period involves the exchange of rings between the couple and blessings from family members. Picking the wedding date is also a significant ritual, with couples consulting traditional beliefs and astrological calendars to choose an auspicious day for their marriage.

Wedding ceremony

During the wedding ceremony, a ritual called handfasting takes place, symbolizing the binding of the couple’s hands together. It represents their commitment and unity in marriage. Another ritual is the welcoming of the newlyweds with bread and salt. The parents or older family members offer the couple a loaf of bread with salt, signifying hospitality, prosperity, and the sharing of life’s joys and challenges.

There’re also other traditions during Bulgarian weddings. Stepping over the threshold of the wedding venue symbolizes the couple’s entry into their new life together. It is believed to bring good luck and ward off evil spirits. Breaking the bread where the newlyweds each take a piece of bread and simultaneously break it, represents the sharing of abundance and prosperity with loved ones.

Post-wedding superstitions

After the wedding, there are superstitions associated with the couple’s first steps as newlyweds. They are encouraged to take their first steps together carefully, as it is believed that the one who steps on the other’s foot will have dominance in the marriage. Additionally, the couple’s bed is decorated with symbolic items such as wheat for fertility, coins for wealth, and flowers for happiness. These items are meant to bless the couple’s union and ensure a fruitful and joyful marriage.

Regional Variations

Within the rich tapestry of Bulgarian weddings, regional variations add a captivating layer of diversity and cultural uniqueness. They showcase the distinct flavors and influences that have shaped Bulgarian weddings throughout history.

Rhodope Mountains

There is a unique ritual called “The Ritual of Lifting the Bride.” During this tradition, the bride is lifted high above the ground by the male guests. It symbolizes strength, unity, and the community’s support for the couple. Brides traditionally wear a distinctive outfit known as the “fustanella.” It consists of a long, pleated skirt made of colorful fabric. The pleats are often in vivid hues such as red, green, and blue. As for the headwear, brides wear a headdress called a “kavak.” The kavak is a white or brightly colored scarf wrapped around the head, sometimes featuring embroidered patterns or floral designs.

Thrace Region

Here the “Dance of the Wedding Bread” is performed. It involves the newlyweds dancing together while holding a large round loaf of bread, decorated with flowers and ribbons. The dance symbolizes abundance, fertility, and the sharing of prosperity. Honey rituals are also common in this region, where the couple dips their fingers in honey and feeds each other, signifying sweetness in their marriage.

Pirin Region

One of the most famous rituals is the “Nestinarstvo” dance, where dancers perform barefoot on smoldering embers. This ancient tradition is believed to bring good luck and cleanse the couple’s path to a prosperous future. The Pirin region also has significant Pomak traditions, incorporating Islamic influences into their wedding ceremonies.

More detailed information on Bulgarian brides and marriage you may find at By understanding the symbolism and superstitions related to Bulgarian girl for marriage, we gain a deeper appreciation for the traditions that bind families and communities together, creating cherished memories that last a lifetime.